Currently, Sweden is what is referred to as a constitutional monarchy, similar to what you will see in the United Kingdom, Australia, and New Zealand. Underneath the monarchy is a Parliamentary democracy, and is considered to be the second best country in the world in terms of democracy. They offer more freedom and equality than any other country does, and their government is incredibly organized. As with the countries listed above, the King is more of a figurehead than anything else, even though he does have authority to make declarations and take people out of power if things seem to be getting out of hand or if there is the possibility of significant harm to the government or its constituents.
The Prime Minister is appointed by the Riksdag (Parliament) after a vote has been taken. The people vote for their representatives in the Riksdag, and then they appoint a Prime Minister from among their ranks (usually in the majority party). The Prime Minister then appoints a cabinet (advisors), if the previous cabinet resigned (which usually happens, but not always). It is a very democratic process that ensures that nothing inhibits important information from being passed. Elections are held every four years, on the third Sunday of September. These elections help to determine which party is the majority party, and most constituents have an idea of who is going to become Prime Minister when the results of the election are announced.
Because of the government being so well-organized and the overall attitude of non-confrontation (which you will also see in the citizens, which we will discuss more in our section about Customs and Culture), Sweden is actually a very good place to live. They have the eighth-highest income per capita in the entire world, the country is incredibly well-developed, and people live generally good lives and are happy with the way that the government is run. The Economist has actually declared that the Nordic countries (Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden as well as their associated territories, the Åland Islands, the Faroe Islands, Greenland, and Svalbard and Jan Mayen) have the well-organized governments in the world.
As you can see, Sweden has a very stable, well-organized, and reputable government. Their government is used as a model for other governments from around the world, and is more well-respected than most governments that you see in today’s world. More information about the government can be found at their website.